WebRTC is a technology which enables realtime P2P communication between browsers. As part of the HTML5 standard, WebRTC is currently being standardised by W3C and IETF.
Until now, to perform P2P communication it was necessary to either install a specific application or plugin. P2P communication can enable direct video chat, screen sharing and file sharing functionality. Using WebRTC it is possible to perform such P2P communication using only your web browser. It is easy to communicate without having to rely on your communication partner having the correct application installed. In addition, it is possible to enable cooperation with other existing services. WebRTC is gaining attention for it's future application areas.